In Jerusalem again, Jesus heals a lame man. The problem was, he did it on the Sabbath. When the Sabbath enforcers accost him for it, Jesus responds, "My Father is working until now, and I am working." That statement sets up the debate for the whole chapter.
All four Gospels record the miracle of Jesus feeding the 5,000, and three of them tell of Jesus walking on the Sea of Galilee to his disciples, but John has a particular point to make with each of these: to show how they were signs telling us who Jesus is.
A Personal Memoir by One of His Disciples
Studies in the Gospel of John,
In this crucial discourse, Jesus laid out clearly what it means to believe in him, showing the connection between the Passover and himself, how he is the life giving food from God. But it was too much for many of his disciples to swallow.
Jesus attends the Feast of Booths (or Tabernacles) in Jerusalem, but privately--incognito, if you will--and his apparent absence spurs much discussion. The lesson focuses on how people were responding to Jesus.
Ignoring the Pharisees' attempts to stop him, Jesus announces the amazing promise of the outpouring of the Spirit. This Gospel has much to say about the Holy Spirit, and this is a key passage on that subject.
The Pharisees respond to Jesus' statement that he is the Light of the world not with questions about what he meant, but with legal arguments about validity of testimony. Jesus responds in kind with better arguments, leading up to what is one of the most frequently quoted statements of Jesus from this Gospel.
The sixth sign Jesus performs sets up a hot debate about who Jesus is. Before the story ends, a poor, untaught, formerly blind beggar completely confounds the highly educated, powerful elite--and they don't appreciate it.